Rookwood pottery dating

04-Mar-2017 04:33

Pioneered by members of the Irish intelligentsia, like WB Yeats and Lady Gregory, as well as activists like "AE" Russell, Percy French, Oliver St John Gogarty, Padraic Colum, and Edward Plunkett, it led to a mini-renaissance of Celtic designs and Celtic art generally.

Celtic-style jewellers and metalworkers began copying ancient pieces including: the Tara Brooch, the Knights of Templar Brooch, the Dublin University Brooch and the Clarendon Brooch.

Furthermore, several modern forms of decorative work involving interior/fashion design, graphics, or computers, are known as "design" disciplines rather than decorative art.

Thus the latter term is likely to gradually fade away, especially since it is so closely aligned with categories like "applied art" and "craft".

After this, came the Rococo school which gave a huge impetus to decorative crafts such as furniture-making, domestic furnishings, glass, and textiles.

If Baroque was rooted in architecture, the Rococo style was rooted in interior design.

Neither the socialism of the French Revolution or the mass-production techniques of the Industrial Revolution, were conducive to the aesthetics of ornamental crafts.

Another early producer of decorative art were the Celts, whose metalwork (c.500-50 BCE) created such personal weaponry and items of jewellery, as the gold and bronze "Oak Tree of Manching" (c.350-50 BCE), the bronze "Battersea Shield" (c.350-50 BCE), the bronze "Witham Shield" (4th century BCE), the silver "Gundestrup Cauldron" (c.100 BCE), the bronze "Petrie Crown" (100 BCE - 200 CE), the gold "Broighter Gold Collar" (1st century BCE) and the gold "Broighter Boat" (1st century BCE).

Later, Celtic artisans in Ireland produced a number of exquisite ecclesiastical objects, and other works, such as the Tara Brooch (c.700 CE), the Ardagh Chalice (8th/9th century CE), the Derrynaflan Chalice (8th/9th century CE), the Moylough Belt Shrine (8th century CE), the Tully Lough Cross (8th/9th century) and the Cross of Cong (12th century).

Alphonse Mucha (1860-1939) epitomized Art Nouveau posters.

Then, as Art Nouveau began to lose its edge, it was superceded in poster lithography by functionalism, as exemplified by Leonetto Cappiello (1875-1942).

(See also: Types of Art.)The earliest type of decorative art was ancient pottery, notably the Jomon style Japanese ceramics pioneered from about 14,500 BCE.

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